What is the The Bermuda Triangle?
The Bermuda Triangle refers to a triangle region in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean where many ships and aircrafts have simply vanished with no real explanation. It’s vertices are said to be between Miami, San Juan, Puerto Rico and Bermuda, covering 500,000 square miles of ocean..a lot of ocean. The Bermuda triangle is one of the most heavily travelled shipping lanes in the world, and yet what happens to anyone and anything that disappears remains unknown. These cases date back to Christopher Columbus times, where in 1492 he first reported strange lights and strange compass readings. Since then, there has been numerous unsolved disappearances.
There are so many conspiracy theories behind the Bermuda Triangle, from science to mythology. Regardless of the cause, I find the Bermuda Triangle extremely fascinating. Therefore, I am going to be discussing some of the most interesting cases from the Bermuda Triangle and some of my favourite theories. Enjoy ♡
1918 - USS Cyclops (AC-4)
One of the most famous ships to disappear into the Bermuda Triangle was the USS Cyclops in 1918. Sometime after March 4th 1918, this extremely large ship (542 ft long) with over 300 passengers on board vanished without a single trace. The USS Cyclops was sailing towards Baltimore; and after departing from a shortstop in the island of Barbados the ship and the 300+ passengers were never seen again. With even no debris left behind, this enormous ship had vanished completely.
1945 - Flight 19
Flight 19 refers to the collective of five TBM Avenger bombers who vanished when flying over the Atlantic on December 5th 1945. According to schedule they were due to go east from Florida Naval for 120 miles, north for 73 miles and finally a 120 mile route to return to the naval base. However, they never came back. Not only were no traces ever discovered; but when two rescue Martin Mariner aircrafts with a 13 man crew went to search for the flights, one of the Martin Mariners itself never returned and also disappeared without a trace.
1967 - Witchcraft
On December 22nd 1967, the Witchcraft cabin cruiser departed from Miami with captain Dan Burack and friend, Father Patrick Horgan. This was a 23-foot luxury yacht, setting off to enjoy the view of Miami’s Christmas lights. Just one mile from offshore the coast guard received a call from Burack; a warning that his ship had been hit and that they needed help towing to the shore, however said there was no substantial damage. The coast guard set off immediately, taking only 19 minutes to arrived. Upon arrival he found absolutely nothing. Not only were Witchcraft and the gentleman not there, but there was absolutely no signs of any ships having ever been present there previously. Of course, we know there was a ship there literally 19 minutes ago. Even more bizarre is that this particular type of cruiser is essentially unsinkable. As for Burack and Horgan, there was substantial life-saving equipment on board...so what happened?
2017 - Mitsubishi MU-2B-40
Finally, I wanted to include a more recent one to highlight unexplained incidents of the Bermuda Triangle are still happening today. On May 15th 2017 a small private aircraft called the Mitsubishi MU-2B-40 was flying from Puerto Rico to South Florida. At around 2:10pm the air traffic control at Miami lost radar with the aircraft for unknown reasons. Despite absolutely no weather warnings or anything out of the ordinary, this plane and the four passengers on board simply vanished...still to this day it has never been found.
I couldn’t possibly discuss Bermuda Triangle conspiracy theories without including one of the most popular theories for any unexplained event- aliens. A very, very popular theory about the Bermuda Triangle is that the disappearances are caused by alien abductions. I personally have no doubt that there are other life forms; so whilst I don’t really believe this theory, I will say it probably isn’t as crazy as it may initially sound. Many people believe that in order to learn more about human life, aliens around the Bermuda Triangle literally abduct people out of thin air. This is said to explain why there is never any evidence, traces or remains. I mentioned earlier that reports of the Bermuda Triangle date back to Christopher Columbus time, and some theorists believe what Columbus saw at this time may have been a UFO. An entry into his log written October 11th, 1492 read ““The land was first seen by a sailor called Rodrigo de Triana, although the Admiral at ten o’clock that evening standing on the quarter-deck saw a light, but so small a body that he could not affirm it to be land; calling to Pero Gutierrez, groom of the King’s wardrobe, he told him he saw a light, and bid him look that way, which he did and saw it.” “The Admiral again perceived it once or twice, appearing like the light of a wax candle moving up and down, which some thought an indication of land. But the Admiral held it for certain that land was not near…”. Explorers believe that this sighting was in fact a UFO. Although I do think this theory may be a little too fantasy, I would absolutely love to believe in an alien explanation. What are your thoughts?
This second theory is another one that I don’t necessarily believe in however I do find it extremely fascinating; and that is the theory of Atlantis. The theory goes that there is a “lost city” known as Atlantis dating back to the Ice Age. It is said that Atlantis disappeared in 8016 BC when the Ice Age ended in Finland and the ice melted away. Atlantis was said to be controlled by crystals; therefore people believe that this city may have sunk to right beneath the Bermuda Triangle, and that spontaneous bursts of energy and the strength from these crystals are causing these unexplainable disappearances. I think this is the most interesting theory as it actually adds to the mystery in that we still don’t know whether Atlantis was ever a real location in the first place. What do you think?
The Gulf Stream
This theory I found particularly interesting because it has been suggested as an explanation of the Witchcraft case I discussed earlier. The Gulf Stream is an ocean current originating in the Gulf of Mexico. It moves through Florida into the North Atlantic and then passes through the Bermuda Triangle. The reason this is a theory for the missing ships/planes/people is that the Gulf Stream is essentially a river with warm water within an ocean which can easily carry floating objects down its flow. Therefore any ships coming into engine troubles, or planes making water landings, can be carried away in an instant. People believe this is what happened to the Witchcraft cruiser after coming into trouble with the hit.
Whilst our knowledge of the ocean is extremely limited, something we do know is that very large waves can appear suddenly at any time, even in the calmest of seas. These waves are said to be up to 30m high and extremely capable of taking ships within moments. They can be so strong that one wave caused the largest offshore platform, the Ocean Ranger, to completely capsize in 1982. However, one flaw I find with this theory is that these waves are extremely rare. It therefore seems too coincidental to me to say that these rare waves are occurring all within the same area...don’t you think?
Finally, the theory I think I believe in the most. Some theorists believe disappearances within the Bermuda Triangle are due to intense micro-bursts. To my understanding, micro-bursts are sudden currents of wind from storm clouds; and these winds can exceed 120mph. These can be observed by weather satellites, and evidence from this suggests the unusual cloud formations observed around the Bermuda Triangle are in fact micro-bursts. Microbursts arguably aren’t as rare as some of the other theories discussed; though still uncommon, micro-bursts have definitely been known to cause planes to crash before. It therefore follows that as the ones around the Bermuda Triangle are significantly stronger, this could cause significantly more planes to disappear. Tying into the rogue wave theory, it is said that these micro-bursts can contribute to waves, forming waves over 40ft high, hence why things appear to simply “vanish”.
Whilst I would love to discover evidence for a lost city or alien abductions, I do personally believe some of the more scientific theories slightly more in this case. However something I find really interesting about the Bermuda Triangle is that there are so many theories that make sense; and yet at the same time we truly have no idea what causes so many disappearances - literally without a trace.
Thank you so much for reading. As usual, I would absolutely love to hear your thoughts on what theories you believe, and whether there are any more theories that I didn’t discuss that you are particularly interested in.
Hello! You have found my hidden blog post - recipes for a cosy day. I mentioned in my "self love club" post that one of the things I really like to do when in need of a de-stress is to bake. I decided to compile a short post of some of my favourite recipes that I learnt as a child, which I think are perfect for a cosy, rainy day, or when you just might need some freshly baked goods to bring a little bit of happiness back into your day. Enjoy!
This is the perfect recipe for a Sunday afternoon when your banana's are starting to look a little too ripe. It's easy, smells delicious and tastes even better.
TANYA BURR'S COOKIES
Tanya Burr's cookies are my absolute favourite. Although this isn't my "go-to" recipe as there are quite a few ingredients involved, this is definitely the best recipe for when you just want that little more goodness (or "not-so-goodness" haha!)
PRIMARY SCHOOL SPONGE
This is a recipe that my mum taught me when I was tiny and I will never ever use any other! Whenever people try this cake they always say it takes them back to primary school days, so if that is something you'd like to recreate then this may be the perfect recipe for you.
Thank you so much for reading. I really hope you can enjoy my top 3 recipes for a cosy day. I would absolutely love to be tagged in any photos of your baking, whether it's these recipes or favourites of your own. Thank you again for reading and I hope you have a really lovely day!
♡ The following tips are mostly for when you might just be feeling a little bit overwhelmed, as opposed to feeling affected by mental health difficulties. I completely appreciate how frustrating these sorts of tips may be in a response to mental illness - and whilst these tips may be useful, if you need further support than self care that is completely okay; you really deserve to feel supported ♡
Caring for others is SO important, but do you know what else is? Caring for YOURSELF!
I tell people all the time to take the time to focus on themselves, self love and self care; however I admit I am someone who is not very good at doing that myself. I absolutely love being on it 24/7 so sometimes taking the time to relax doesn’t come naturally to me, and I am finding more and more people who are exactly the same. So I decided to compile a few tips of SIMPLE ways to wind down when things might be getting just a little bit too much for you - and these are things that even us busy bee’s can follow. Be kind to yourself and always remember to be a member of your own self love club - enjoy! ♡
Something that I have very recently gotten into is penpalling, which I can already say I absolutely LOVE. I have always loved writing a good old fashioned letter, yet beyond enjoyment I also believe they can be really, really useful. Penpalling is very therapeutic to me; not only do I love spending the time to handwrite a letter, doodle on the envelope and walk it to a postbox, but it is also really refreshing to understand somebody through exchanges of their own self disclosure as opposed to a collection of assumptions from social media. Alternatively, writing a single letter that you perhaps don’t expect a reply to can be really lovely too. This might be a “thinking of you” letter to somebody you want to catch up with (again, I think this is a much nicer way than just texting them), a letter of encouragement if you can see somebody is going through a tough time, OR you could simply write a letter to yourself as a really great way of understanding your own feelings. There are so many benefits to letter writing and I definitely think people should do it more often; so whether you are needing a little pick me up or not, why not give this a go?
The Power of Now
Reading in general is a really great form of self care - and often you don’t consciously realise the benefits. Not only is it a great way to temporarily switch off from your busy thoughts by stepping into somebody else's world, but I find reading before bed can dramatically improve the quality of my sleep. So of course reading in general is something I would always recommend to anyone. However, if you are perhaps going through a particularly anxious stage, feeling a little lost or just needing a boost of comfort and direction in your life I would thoroughly recommend “The Power of Now” by Eckhart Tolle. It is a really inspiring book that teaches you the importance of focusing on the now, and not worrying about things that have already happened or fears about the future. My dad always says “there’s nothing to worry about until there is something to worry about”, and I think this book really embodies that. I’d absolutely love to know your thoughts if you do decide to read this!
Clean Space, Clean Mind
The phrase “clean space, clean mind” seems cliche, however it resonates with me so, so much. Whenever I find myself feeling a little bit stressed, distracted or just not quite right I like to take everything right back to the beginning. I will start off my jumping into the bath and giving myself a complete pamper session - hair washing, exfoliating and using all my absolute favourite products. I will take off any makeup and give my skin some TLC, so that I feel completely fresh. I will then repeat this cleansing process but on my surroundings - I will tidy and clean everything. For me, the process of cleaning itself is extremely therapeutic and the end product is very beneficial for my mood. I will then work on cleaning my mind - this includes writing out absolutely EVERYTHING I need to do (even things as simple as buying more washing up liquid). This is a really useful way of seeing everything jumbled in my mind right in front of my eyes, and then I will allocate tasks to each day. I like to transfer this into my agenda; life tip, if you don’t own an agenda, you need one! I put absolutely everything into mine as a good way of dividing my time and easily spotting when I may be overworking myself. I am very much considering getting a “passion planner” too, so if you are on the lookout for an agenda this may be a good place to start. After this cleanse of everything, I find myself feeling a lot better.
If you are in need of a little pick me up, BAKE. A. CAKE. Even if you can’t bake, bake. I think baking is an extremely relaxing activity. Following the instructions and experiencing all the different smells and textures of the ingredients is such a good way to switch off your mind. And at the end of it, your kitchen smells heavenly and you have some sweet treats (or you have an excuse to run to the shop to buy some replacement sweet treats if yours didn’t quite work out haha!). I have loved baking since I was tiny, so I decided to compile a mini post of some of my favourite, most comforting recipes from growing up. You can read that one here (a blog post hidden inside a blog post, I clearly cannot be TAMED). If you do bake anything from this post, let me know!
Find your happy place
This one maybe isn’t the quickest pick me up, or maybe for some it will be, but something that I think is really important is to find your happy place. A place where you know you will always feel calm, content and most of all free whenever you are there. For me this is by the sea, and in particular Brighton. I absolutely love Brighton, and I know whenever I am there I will feel care free and comforted. Being by the sea in general is when I am at my absolute happiest. I don’t live near the sea, so of course I can’t always be there when I would like to be, however I compromise by listening to sea sounds and imagining myself back in my happy place. This can be such an instant anxiety relief, so I would definitely recommend finding your happy place and knowing that will always be a solution in some shape or form whenever you may need it. Where’s your happy place?
And as a final little point, I wanted to include a link from the Childline website. Although my audience are mostly above the Childline age, I find that some of the advice pages we refer to when speaking to young people are actually invaluable for so many people, regardless of age - one of my favourites is this one here. As well as this, we often speak to young people about podcasts and apps and they seem to be extremely useful. Some good ones are: “Headspace”, “Calm” and Fearne Cotton’s “Happy Place”.
Thank you so much for reading! I really hope some of these tips can help you wind down when you need to. If you have anymore tips that I didn’t mention please feel free to share them below so we can all help each other - I would love that! Hope you have a really nice day,
21 year old Psychology student, running a blog to satisfy my love for writing and debating.